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Dariya Malakhova, Automation and Manual Quality Assurance Engineer

Mar 12, 2023 7 min read

Step-by-Step Creating Test Plan: All Needed Questions and Tools

The test plan should be like a blueprint of your project and serve as an example for the test team. But let's move from words to creating test plan and consider step-by-step what needs to be done and what steps to take to plan software testing.

Step-by-Step Creating Test Plan

Describe the Creating Test Plan Goals

Every test plan software testing plan begins with choosing the appropriate goals. The goals should be stated as plainly as possible to maximize their value. You should also confirm if the objective is doable. It will aid the team in navigating the procedure and determining the end goal. You might attempt to concentrate on the following inquiries while you complete this step:

  • What is the test supposed to measure?
  • What objectives exist for the testing process?
  • What outcomes from the tests are you anticipating?
Let's imagine this situation - you need to test a mobile application. Objective: We will choose mobile application verification as our task. Goals: Now, our task will be to check the functionality of the application so that the app works correctly. Also, do not forget about the requirements of the client. Results of the testing: We will consider the identification of all bugs and problems in the application and their further correction as a good result.

Determine the Scope

The breadth of the testing strategy is mostly determined by the type of project and its complexity. It is critical to examine the type of software testing process required for your project. Additionally required are the requirements and the amount of work that must be completed. Here are some questions to consider in this paragraph:

  • What parts of the project should be tested?
  • What are the different scenarios that need to be tested?
  • What product requirements need to be checked?
Continuing with the mobile application example, let's answer the questions. Parts of the project: Payment methods, customer account, customer service. Scenarios: Registration, account login, internal purchase, and card binding. Product requirements. Compatibility, usability, accessibility.

Define the Testing Approach

Defining the testing approach is crucial for the project. It will help you choose the methods and tools that will be used to test the  test plan software. You should keep in mind that the approach to testing should be aligned with the goals of testing. Some of the questions that need to be answered at this stage are:

  • What testing approach will be implemented?
  • What testing technique will be supposed to apply?
  • What are the testing tools that will be used?
Examples:

Testing approach

Techniques

Testing tools

Agile testing

Functional testing, regression testing, and usability testing.

TestComplete, Espresso, Xcode Simulator, AWS Device Farm.


The types of these instruments also differ in their purpose:

Emulators and Simulators: these tools allow you to test and simulate various operating systems without a physical device.

Testing Resources

Understanding the required resources for a project is required. You need to acknowledge in advance what kind of  test plan software or hardware you need, as well as what data will be used and how much time you have for testing or what abilities you need. A successful project test plan document needs to clarify what exactly resources it requires. Use questions like these for this section:

  • Who will be part of the test team?
  • What is the testing environment required for the testing process?
  • What are the testing tools required for the testing process?
Examples:

Team

Environment

Tools

Test manager, test analyst, test engineers.

Mobile devices, test servers, and test data.

Appium, Xamarin.UITest, Robotium.

Schedule

The schedule is necessary for the correct allocation of time for testing. The time should be distributed as efficiently as possible so that each testing stage passes quickly and with high quality. Start with a clear understanding of the project scope and objectives, and identify all the testing activities required to achieve them. Break down the testing activities into smaller, manageable tasks and estimate the time required for each task. Here are the questions to be answered:

  • What is the timeline for the testing process?
  • What milestones need to be achieved during the testing process?
  • What is the estimated time required for each milestone?
Examples:

Timeline

Milestones

Estimated time

One month.

Installation of the framework, creation of a test plan, integration into CI/CD

One week for exploratory testing, two months for regression testing, and one week for UX/UI testing.

Testing Deliverables

The results of your testing determine how documents and reports will look during testing. The testing deliverables should include only the required information about the testing process. Here are the questions you will need:

  • What will be produced as testing deliverables?
  • What format are the deliverables from the testing?
  • What does the testing deliverables' content consist of?
Examples:

Produced

Format

Content

Test cases, test scripts, and a test summary report.

Word document, Excel spreadsheet, HTML format.

Testing approach, testing schedule, test cases, test results.

Identify the Testing Risks

Plan software testing is almost ready. And it is worth considering the testing risks. If your testing passes without any problems, this is certainly good. But it is even better to foresee the risks. All the troubles will cease to be problems since you were ready for them. These questions will help you with this point:

  • What potential risks could affect the testing process?
  • What risk prevention methods do you need to apply?
Examples:

Potential risks

Prevention methods

Incomplete test coverage, communication issues, and time constraints.

Prioritize testing areas, ensure effective communication, and adjust the testing schedule.

Conclusion



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Frequently Asked Questions

What is a test plan?

A test plan is a detailed document that outlines the strategy and scope for testing a particular software product or system.

Why is a test plan necessary?

A test plan ensures systematic and comprehensive testing, provides clarity on testing objectives, and acts as a reference guide for all stakeholders involved.

How often should the test plan be updated?

Whenever there are significant changes in the software, requirements, or testing environment, it's a good idea to update the test plan.

How do I set criteria for a successful test?

Success criteria should be based on requirements, desired functionality, and industry standards. Examples include no critical bugs, meeting performance benchmarks, and achieving user acceptance.

What should I do if I discover risks while creating a test plan?

It's essential to document, communicate, and prioritize these risks. Strategies should be developed to mitigate or manage them during the testing phase.

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